The origin of Colombian pain begins during the years of 1930 and 1947
Forced displacement that millions of people have suffered in the territory comes from the mid-twentieth century, caused by the liberal - conservative “violence".
Forced displacement that millions of people have suffered in the territory comes from the mid-twentieth century, caused by the liberal - conservative “violence" when the country was divided between the two political ideologies, seeking to wield power at will, no matter what the society thought. Following this insurgent groups, which during the years of 1930 and 1947 were the puppets of political parties, but a few years later the blindfolds were removed and decided to take charge of their groups, becoming skirmishers.
The evolution of insurgent groups did not take place over night, or were born with the purpose of killing innocent people. They had their origin within the politico policy, the decades of 30 and 40th. The country had a struggle of ideology that did not allow the agreement the liberal and conservative party, so they were in a constant dispute of power, which broke into the political assassination of liberal leader Jorge Eliécer Gaitan in 1948. This led to the famous "Bogotazo" a popular uprising, which led to the hardest time of "violence" to the point that the Conservative Party formed a group called the "chulavitas" or "birds”, managed by the police and conservative landowners, which aim was to pursue liberals and appropriate their lands with or without an owner.
At that time, Colombia was a pre-capitalist country, and its economy was based on farming, therefore, whosoever that owns the land had the power. The conservatives did not accept the liberal proposal that the land belongs to whom who cultivates it and not to the owners, so they started a belligerent opposition that ended the returning of power in 1947. The liberal people, tired of persecution, formed a gangs to counter the situation, and they begin to fight with shovels, machetes, rakes and the few weapons they had at their disposal. About the fifties the crews begin to organize more efficiently, recruiting strong young men who had no education, and it was easier to abduct these revolutionary ideologies. These bands were installed in the beautiful plains of the Orinoco. At first they will have the support of traders, farmers, politicians and liberal landlords, but gradually this will be changing due to the ambition that is awakened in the insurgent groups, which was provided by the money from the trafficking of cocaine.