Peace in Colombia could bring new challenges and opportunities at all levels

El presidente de Colombia, Juan Manuel Santos
Juan Manuel Santos.

The reality is that the true affected by the Colombian drama is the innocent who suffer in silence, who only think about one thing: keep fighting to survive.

Peace in Colombia could bring new challenges and opportunities at all levels

The reality is that the true affected by the Colombian drama is the innocent who suffer in silence, who only think about one thing: keep fighting to survive.

The government of Álvaro Uribe Vélez (2002-2010) was characterized by the daily struggle between the mountains and the city with the National Army of Colombia and subversive groups. A war that had two crucial and decisive points in Colombian violence: The killing of Raul Reyes, the March 26, 2008 in "Operation Phoenix", and the rescue of the representative to the presidency of Colombia, Ingrid Betancourt, in July 2 of that year, in "Operation Jaque". Acts performed by State forces and it had a positive impact on the national and international image.

Following these events, the FARC suffered a breakdown in its organizational structure, which lost its way because of the death of Raul Reyes, (Spokesman and second in command of rebel group) and Tirofijo (Co-founder and commander of the organization). Reasons which gave an advantage to the Army to continue its struggle for the extermination of the terrorist group. War that did not decrease the displacement of Colombian peasants, but it increased.

With the arrival of Juan Manuel Santos to the Colombian Presidency, on August 7, 2010, came a further blow to the FARC on 23 September of the current period, with "Operation Sodom", with the death of Jorge Briceño Suarez, alias Mono Jojoy, who was in command of the organization. This is how the State force forced the FARC to rethink their policies and put in place a new peace process (the previous was developed during the tenure of former President Andrés Pastrana Arango 1998-2002), which aims to put an end to the conflict that has plagued the country for over four decades.

Is peace here?

The peace process was unveiled on 27 August in a statement in which the procedure was explained in these negotiations. The president said that the talks will be divided into three parts: the exploration phase, negotiation, and finally the end of the war phase with a duration of not more than one year, avoiding past mistakes.

The kick off five of the FARC and four Norwegian and Cuban mediators was held on October 18 in the city of Oslo (Norway), in a ceremony attended by five representatives of the Government. The second round began on 20 November in Havana (Cuba), where Luciano Marín Arango, alias Ivan Marquez (FARC chief negotiator), announced the decision of the central command of a cessation of hostilities between the November 20 and January 20, 2013, in order to prove that his intentions are firm and looking to reach a quick agreement and fruitful for both parties.

The U.S. expresident, and Jimmy Carter Nobel Peace Prize is one of the people who are supporting this process more because "The recovery of confidence will be enhanced with the signing of a clear written agreements on how the parties decide to identify their responsibility for the damages and losses caused to citizens and the reparation of victims, the reintegration of ex-combatants into civilian life, and safeguards and verification of all agreements".

This is one of the purposes to be achieved in the peace process, after a month of break up again in today’s talks in Havana with the chief negotiator for the FARC, Miguel Marquez and chief negotiator for the Government Humberto de la Calle Lombana. At the negotiating table will also be the representatives of the FARC: Jesus Santrich, Rodrigo Granda, Andres Paris, Simon Trinidad, and government spokesmen, Sergio Jaramillo, Frank Pearl, Luis Carlos Villegas, General Oscar Naranjo, and Jorge Mora. Everything takes place in order not to prolong the exit to this conflict.

Uribes, Santos...
If you ask people who have lived close to the conflict what is the hope for the future of Colombia, most of them will respond that the situation is very difficult to come to an end. Some think that the solution is not to give truce to the guerrillas, as the President, Alvaro Uribe Velez did, and others think that the right way is the peace process initiated by President Juan Manuel Santos.
The reality is that the true affected by the Colombian drama is the innocent who suffer in silence, who only think about one thing: keep fighting to survive.

 

Peace in Colombia could bring new challenges and opportunities at all levels
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